Date: 762-75

Ibn Khaldun (d. 1406) in his Muqaddima records an exchange in Baghdad between caliph al-Mansur and one of his sons (the future caliph al-Mahdi, r. 775-85). This exchange … read more


Date: 985-91

In his Aḥsan al-taqāsīm fi maʿrifat al-aqālīm, al-Muqaddasi (d. 991) mentions that a type of cloth woven from wool and ibrīsam (i.e. silk) known as al-khaz was used in read more


Date: mid-twelfth century

In his Nuzhat al-mushtāq fi ikhtirāq al-afāq, al-Idrisi (d. 1164) notes that in Qarqub clothing for the sultan was made from brocade and other expensive materials … read more