Date: Early eleventh century

In his poem “Ode on the Art of Calligraphy” (Raʾiyya fi’l-khaṭṭ), the Baghdadi calligrapher, Ibn al-Bawwab (d. c. 1022) describes the processes involved in mastering writing … read more


Date: 1306-11

A thirty-part Qurʾan for sultan Öljaytü was produced in Mosul between 1306 and 1311. The name of the scribe (who may also have illuminated the manuscript) is given as ʿAli … read more