Al-Hilal al-Sabiʾ (d. 1056) in his Kitāb al-Wuzarāʾ records the imperial budget for 291 (903-904) in Baghdad. The craftsmen listed in this document include menders (raffāʾ). It is not stated what materials or objects these artisans would commonly work on. See also: Tailors; Carpenters; Potters.
Citation: Al-Hilal al-Sabiʾ (d. 1056) in his Kitāb al-Wuzarāʾ, ed. H. F. Amedroz (Leiden: Brill, 1904), p. 17. Translated in R. B. Serjeant, ‘Material for a history of Islamic textiles up to the Mongol conquest,’ Ars Islamica 9 (1942), p. 73.